It’s a good thing the next item in the list is in front of Jama Masjid. Right away I can cross to Red Fort, another Mughal architecture by the famous Shah Jahan in mid 16 AD.

new delhi-119

Shah Jahan moved the capital city of his Mughal empire to Old Delhi named Shahjahanabad (Persian: شاه جهان آباد‎‎) with Red Fort (Hindustani: Lāl Qila, Urdu: لال قلعہ, Hindi: लाल क़िला) as it’s center government. The Red Fort is named as such because they use red sandstone as the major structure for the fort and the walls around the previous city center. Currently most destroyed architecture is under repair and mostly are renewed since it’s declared UNESCO World Heritage site in 2007.

The current area is about 103.06 ha with 2.41 kilometers defense walls. Red Fort utilize Mughal architecture style, a combination of Timurid and Persian tradition called Shahjahani.

new delhi-222

Admission ticket is 250₹

From Chawari Bazar, we enter the Red Fort from Lahori gate because it’s facing Lahore city in Pakistan. After Lahori gate is the Chhatta Chowk or covered bazaar with 32 arch bays in each side for shops. Remnants of the old merchants goods are still available, but mostly for tourist to see silk, velvet, households etc., but not as luxurious as in the olden days. The bazaar was previously known as Bazaar-i-Musaqaf because it has a saqaf or roof.

new delhi-123

The first building I’m into is this western or British looking architecture called Swatantrata Sangram Sanghralaya (“Freedom-Struggle Museum”), previously an army barracks turned museum in 1995. The museum housed paintings, photographs and history of the First War of Independent of 1857 to India’s Independence in 1947.

new delhi-134

new delhi-125

new delhi-126

The Jat Uprising (1809 – 1829)

new delhi-127

The Kittur Uprising (1824 – 1829)

new delhi-131

Painting of Mahatma Gandhi

new delhi-133

India Flag

Naubat Khana or Nakkar Khana

In the old days, musicians from Naubat Khana will announce the arrival of the Emperor and the dignitaries for a meeting in Diwan-i-Am. The building is made from red sandstones and covered in plaster. Unfortunately the golden paint in the floral design is lost to age but they are currently fixing the interior painted chamber as shown in the photo.

new delhi-140

new delhi-146

The back for Naubat Khana view from Diwan-i-Aaam

Next is the Diwan-i-Aam

Diwan-i-Aam inner court is the Public Audience Hall for the Emperor to meet his subjects or dignitaries and other state functions. The hall is made of red sandstones and divided into 27 square sections with arch columns with the total of nine engraved arch openings gilded with white shell lime, chunam, plaster.

The centre of the hall, facing the garden is the Emperor’s throne made of marble in the shape of a canopy and throne, jharokha. The Emperor was seated behind the curtain while the Wazir, or the minister, received and talk with the chiefs. It’s mostly covered to protect it from people, but it is said that the marble is decorated with Mughal style ornaments inlaid with multi-coloured pietra dura stones by a florentine artist and restored in it’s former glory.

new delhi-144

new delhi-145

The room where the Empress wait and watch the state affair.

new delhi-150

The courtyard (mardana) with the view of the imperial apartments. From left to right: Moti Masjid, the hammam, Divan-i-Khas, and Khas Mahal.

Hayat Baksh Bagh or “Life-bestowing garden” is the central largest garden in Red Fort.

Sawan/Bhadon Pavilion

new delhi-157

Zafar Mahal Pavilion

new delhi-156

There are series pavilions like from the photo above to the center of the complex with running water from Yamuna river and connected by a canals known as Nahr-i-Bihisht or Stream of Paradise.  The canals also runs through the royal family apartments.

 

new delhi-158

Door decoration in Moti Masjid.

Diwan-i-Khas

Diwan-i-Khas or known as Shah Mahalit the Hall of Private Audience is the Emperor’s private ‘study’ to received courtiers and state guests. The hall is richly decorated with painted and gilded decoration. The pillared chhatri mount the arch ceiling. It was before inlaid with silver and gold but was taken by the rebellions of 1857.

new delhi-159

Khas Mahal

Khas Mahal is the Emperor’s private residence inside the Red Fort. There are three chambers for sleeping, wardrobe and sitting room. The carved marble room is again painted with floral decoration and some fortunately still retain its gilded shine.

new delhi-171

The marble screen is carved with Scale of Justice or Mizan-i-adal for the Emperor’s Justice.

Mumtaz Mahal

Mumtaz Mahal or Jewel Palace is named after Shah Jahan’s beloved Empress. This white marble building was previously part of Zenana or the Empress’ apartment. Currently housed the Red Fort Archaeological Museum for Mughal period exhibits.

Most of the six galleries exhibit the belonging of the Mughal Emperor, Akbar I and successors. The paintings, manuscripts, porcelain to weapons and household tools are showcase to give a glimpse of the Mughal Empire.

new delhi-189

Arabic and Persian inscription

new delhi-181

Khan Dauran Khan Nusrat Jung, a soldier and administrator during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan.

Brass Astrolabe made by Muhammad Muquim, Son of Mullah Isa, Grandson of the Court Astrolabe maker of Humayun, Shaikh Allahabad of Lahore. 1637 AD.

new delhi-188

Various weapon

new delhi-190

Dagger Handle inlaid with Silver. Persian. 17th AD.

Ivory bedpost and perfume box. 19th AD.

Ivory inlaid wooden bedpost. 19 AD.

Books and written characters on coper. 16 AD.

new delhi-197

Various Porcelain.

new delhi-198

Painting of Jantar Mantar, Delhi.

Mughal style paintings. 19 AD.

new delhi-201

The Bahadur Shah Zafar gallery with objects belonging to the last Mughal emperor and his Queen. I love the chess set table here.

Gifts from foreign dignitaries such as Musical Clock with Prince of Wales Crest, Persian Pen Pot, Silver Clock with Nawab of Awadh Insignia and a Chinese Watch. 19th AD.

Porcelain decoration.

The weapons from Indian Rebellion of 1857.

new delhi-57

Red Fort is a large compound, so it make sense at least 2-3 hours to explore the whole thing, a time I don’t have.

Next is exploring Chandni Chowk Market’s Organized Chaos

New Delhi Trip:

Source information: Wikipedia, Travelwiki, India Eye Witness Travel

Advertisements