[Travel] Yogyakarta | Kraton Yogyakarta, Designed by Javanese Culture and Believes

After our touchdown in the morning, our first stop is the Kraton Yogyakarta (the Royal Palace of Yogyakarta) or Keraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat. The royal palace was built for the first Sultan of Yogyakarta, Hamengkubuwono I, around 1755 to 1756. Although it was almost destroyed and looted by the British force in 1812 and several earthquakes later, the Kraton was rebuilt by Sultan Hamengkubuwono VIII (1880-1939).

Currently, the Royal highness Hamengkubuwono X (1946-present) and his family still resided in Kraton. The Sultan also has an office as the Governor of Yogyakarta there. Reminds me of the Jaipur Royal Palace in India

The word Kraton comes from Ka + Ratu (queen or King in Javanese) + an = Kraton = a center place for religion, philosophy and culture.

The kraton was built by opening up the land (Javanese: babat alas), in the former Paberingan forest, located between Winongo river and Code river.

The kraton‘s front faced the ever temperament Mount Merapi at the North, and the back facing South at the Indian Ocean. It’s believed that the Indian Ocean is the palace of Kanjeng Ratu Loro Kidul, the Queen of the South Seas. In the Javanese cultural believes, she is also the Sultan’s ‘mystical’ consort.

From the South at the Indian Ocean, Krapyak Hunting House, the Kraton Yogyakarta, Tugu Yogyakarta (Yogyakarta monument) and up to the mount Merapi, an invisible straight sacred line; symbolizing the journey of a man/human from their origin/birth to their last destination/death/heaven (Javanese: sangkan paraning dumadi)

Screen Shot 2018-06-04 at 1.54.38 PM

There are two entrances to the Kraton:

  1. From the North, stop at Alun-alun Lor (Lor Plaza) and enter through Tepas Kaprajuritan gate to the first section, bangsal Pagelaran & Sitihinggil. Entrance ticket + camera fee = Rp. 5000 + Rp. 2000 = Rp. 7000 (USD$0.50 – local price) and Rp. 12.500 for international visitors (USD$1).

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Bangsal Pacikeran

The main building, bangsal Manguntur Tangkil in Sitihinggil complex  in the center is where the Sultan seated for official ceremonies. Sitihinggil comes from the words siti (area) + hinggil (high) = higher plane for the Sultan’s seat. 

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAOLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Bangsal Manguntur Tangkir

On the side building, there is Bale Bang, where they stored photographs, Javanese music instruments like gamelan sekaten KK Guntur Madu and KK Naga Wilaga. Another building is Bale Angun-Angun, where they stored the KK Suro Angun-angun spear. 

Regol Brojonolo gate only open for official ceremony and certain dates. Unfortunately, it was only open in special occasion, hence we need to go around and enter from the other gate. 

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

2. Enter through Tepas Pariwisata gate for Sri Manganti dan Kedhaton sections. Entrance ticket + camera fee = Rp. 7500 + Rp. 1000 = Rp. 8500 (USD$0.61 – local price) and Rp. 15.000 for international visitors (USD$1.07).

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Once we enter regol (gate) Srimanganti, the Srimanganti plaza has several main buildings. Our eyes go directly to the main building for its name sake, Bangsal Srimanganti. At the time, they held a wayang kulit (shadow puppet) performance. They have daily art show in different discipline everyday:

  • Monday: Gamelan Music at 10.00 am
  • Tuesday: Gamelan Music at 10.00 am
  • Wednesday: Menak Puppet show at 10.00 am
  • Thursday: Traditional (classic) Dance show at 10.00 am
  • Friday: Sing a Traditional song (Macapat) at 9.00 am
  • Saturday: Shadow Puppet (Wayang kulit) show at 9.30 am
  • Sunday: Traditional (classic) Dance show at 9.30 am

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Bangsal Srimanganti

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Moving on, we explore around the courtyard and the buildings designed in traditional Javanese architecture but some have a little influence from western (Portuguese and Dutch) and Chinese designs. Some terms for example: Joglo is a building (bangsal) without walls. Building with walls is called Gedhong.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Regol (gate) Danapratopo. In front of the gate, two statues, Cinkorobolo and Bolobuto, stand guard.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

495px-Yogyakarta_Sultanate_Hamengkubhuwono_X_Emblem.svg

Symbol of the Yogyakarta Sultanate called Praja CihnaFrom top to bottom, the Crown or Songkok to symbolize the “knighthood character”. The ornaments that look like the sunflower left and right or Sumping, symbolizing “life”, and the leafs means “eminence”. The golden color symbolized “the Sultanate’s nobility”. The wings or Lar means “aspiration”. The shield symbolized “vigilant to defend the truth”. The writing “Ha + Ba” in Javanese letters, is the Sultan’s initials and his royal highness’ pledge in protecting the people. The Padma flower symbolized “the life and after life”. The spiraling plant symbolized continuous life.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Bangsal Mandhalasana at Kedhaton area.

Usually there are some musicians playing here to greet royal guests. Its design has a Spanish and western influence, particularly the western instruments on the glass.

Some of the buildings are not accessible to tourists as they are in use by the Sultan and his family or ufor government/ceremony. They also stored precious artifacts with cultural and religious usage. For example Gedhong Jene (for royal meetings), Gedhong Purworetna (Sultan’s office), Bangsal Manis, Gedhong Prabayeksa, Bansal Kencana etc.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Gedhong Danartapura (for storage).

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Some old Javanese and Western cooking tools and cutlery. On the right first and second photo we can see water containers, Berkefeld water filter.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

The black sands all over the place is taken from the South Sea. Certain trees, Sawo kecik (Manilkara kauki; famili Sapotaceae) planted in the courtyard to bring good vibes and natural pleasing scents.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

We see some Abdi Dalem or the Royal Court Retainers on duty. Sometimes they are praying under the tree or seated/standing to answer questions from visitors. Visitors can also take selfie if he’s available and we didn’t disturb his work/prayer.

Abdi Dalem is divided into two; the Civil servants, to take care of the Sultanate governance organization and the Kraton‘s soldiers. They were first established in 1755 by Sultan Hamengkubuwono I. The people who become Abdi Dalem also divided into two groups; those from the public who work full time, Abdi Dalem Punakawan Tepas, and those who come to work once every 10 days, Abdi Dalem Punakawan Caos.

Abdi Dalem Koprajan comes from military or government background who retired and want to dedicate their life for the Kraton.

It’s not easy to be Abdi Dalem. They are very strict in (toto kromo/sopan santun) well manner and well bred and properly dressed in Javanese. Their behavior must be the reflection of the Sultan’s nobility and honor, so they can be role models for the people. Abdi Dalem need 2 years of internship in the kraton and require to have credo Watak Satriya or noble character akin to a knight; Nyawiji (faith to the Lord Above), greget (dedicated), sengguh (confident) and ora mingkuh (brave against all odds).

There are some of the smaller buildings we can enter that housed photographs, furnitures and even clothing used by the royal families from the olden days in various ceremonies.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Old western toys for the little Prince.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Old canon left by the VOC in front of the Batik Museum

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAOLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

The Batik museum.

We can’t take photo inside of the museum since camera blitz might take effect on the old Batik fabric. The patterns in Batik Museum is also sacred and can only we worn by the royal family, thus it’s forbidden to be copied or replicate even.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Statue of Ganesha

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAOLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Regol Gapura to Bangsal Kesatriyan section where the painting museums are. most of the Royal families paintings and family trees on display.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

War strategy titled Supit Urang from Hamenkubuwono VIII era. The text is in Javanese though.

Family trees from various Sultans with gorgeous westernized designs. The more leafs and fruits the tree had; the more wive(s), close relatives and children the Sultan had.

The royal princes and would-be-Sultans. The paintings and photos are mostly from Hamengkubuwono IV to Hamengkubuwono X.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Photos of Hamengkubuwono X and his wife, Gusti Kangjeng Ratu (GKR) Hemas.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Lastly, we visit  Hamengkubuwono IX museum. He was known for his honor and integrity throughout his life as the ninth Sultan in Yogyakarta and the second Vice President of Indonesia. His royal highness title in Javanese is Sampéyan Dalêm Ingkang Sinuwún Kanjêng Sultan Hamêngkubuwónó Sénópati Íng Alogó Ngabdurråkhman Sayidin Panåtågåmå Khålifatullåh Ingkang Kapíng Sångå (His Highness Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX, Commander-in-chief in war, Servant of the Most Gracious, Cleric and Caliph that Safeguards the Religion).

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Hamengkubuwono IX painting.

His Royal Highness’ regalia.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

The writing said “Tahta untuk rakyat” (the Throne is for the People).

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

He loved to cook and these are some of the utensils he used.

Uniform and medals of honor. He was a boy scout and established the foundation of learning leadership through becoming a scout.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

The Glass Building in honor of Hamengkubuwono IX. The building is quite “new” and was built and inaugurated by his son, Sultan Hamengkubuwono X on 28 November 1992.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

It’s intersting to see the Sultan’s life through the his belongings from when he was in school, when he lived in Netherland and when he return to fight for Indonesia’s independence and later the integration of the Yogyakarta Sultanate under Republic Indonesia.

His famous words are, “Even though I have tasted Western Education, I am still and will always be a Javanese.”

Next is DINNER in an interesting place, the House of Raminten.

Yogyakarta Travel:

Source: Kraton Yogyakarta

 

13 Comments Add yours

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s